As-Sadaqaat (non-obligatory charity)
Charitable donations, and nafaqaath (regular spending) – you spend on yourself, on your wife, on your children, on your father and your mother, on your uncles and aunts, on your righteous neighbours, on sons and daughters, relatives, widows and orphans – this type of charity, the affair of this is great with Allaah. This is a means of accumulation of provision, a door from the doors of sustenance.
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
“There is no day on which the people get up but two angels come down and one of them says, ‘O Allaah, give in compensation to the one who spends (in charity),’ and the other says, ‘O Allaah, destroy the one who withholds.’”
[Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1374; Muslim, 1010.]
So try and not make a day pass from you from the days of Allaah except that you stretch your hand as much as it is in your ability to do, even if it is a little.
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: ‘Fear Allaah even if it is with half a date. ’[Muttafaqun alai – agreed upon]
And Allaah (subhana wa ta’ala) says: fa mai ya’mal misqaala zarrathin kharrai yara. Wamai ya’mal misqaala zarrathin sharrai yara’ — ‘that whoever does an atoms worth of good will see it.’
And Allaah (subhana wa ta’ala) also says, ‘Whatever you spend in the way of Allaah, He will replace it and He is the best of the Providers.’
What is the meaning of ‘He will replace it?’ i.e He will give you what is better than it. Don’t think that is the end & that it has gone from you. It will return to you with that which is better, insha-Allaah.
The Sheikh says again : Whatever you have spent, then Allaah will replace it for you and He is the Best of Providers. And he says again that : O Allaah give the person that spends a replacement that is replaced for him with good, O Lord of the worlds.
And in the hadith of Abu Huraira (radiallaahu anhu) that Muslim related that the Messenger of Allaah said: that there were people from people that were from before you a man who had a garden. And another man heard a cry from the sky, an angel from the clouds who said, ‘give water to the garden of so and so.’ So he poured into it some water into one of the irrigation holes and then the water ran into that garden. So the person who owned the garden, he had a shovel in his hand and he was fixing the water and fixing the dirt and this man said to the man who owned the garden, ‘may Allaah have mercy upon you. What is your name?’
He said: I am so and so, the son of so and so. Then he said: ‘Why do you ask?’
He said: ” I heard a voice from the clouds saying, ‘give water to the garden of so and so. May Allaah have mercy on you. What do you do with this?’
So the owner of the garden says : ‘When I plant and then I harvest, I take one-third for me and my family and I put one-third to roll it back into my garden and I give one-third in charity.
Excerpt from Means of Sustenance : Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab al-Wassaabee