As the Prophet said (reported by Hakim) : If they didn’t stop preventing from paying their zakaat of their monies except that the rain from the skies was prevented from them. And if it was not for the animals, rain wouldn’t have fallen upon them. It is a long hadith but this part of the hadith is the point of discussion. ‘That they did not prevent from paying their zakaat, of their monies, except that the water from the sky was prevented from them and if it wasn’t for the animals it would not have rained upon them.
In this hadith it is clear that if they prevent from giving their zakaat, the water from the sky would be prevented from them. And if it wasn’t for the animals it would not fall upon them at all. It does however rain on them — a mercy from Allaah due to the animals and due to the babies who are not responsible. Therefore not paying zakaat is a means of the prevention of rain from the sky. And if the rain is prevented from the sky, poverty takes place and torment and destruction over the people of the land. So fear Allaah with regards to the zakaat of the properties, the apparent and the non-apparent, (the Daahir and the Baatin) — the non-apparent meaning the gold and the silver in jewellery and these other cash commodities in their different known currencies; and the apparent meaning the cows and sheep and camels and agricultural products. These things that are seen in front of the people. So it is upon the Muslim to fear Allaah with regards to the zakaat of his properties : apparent and non-apparent properties. Because zakaat is a pillar from the five pillars of Islaam. And Allaah had made the things that should be spent on in the 8 categories mentioned in surah at-Tawbah.
The Sheikh said: Read the ayah. He does not mention it in full. However, I will mention it. In the ayah sadaqaath here means zakaat. They are only for the fuqaraah and the masakeen, (which is a degree higher than a fakeer) and those employed to collect the funds, and to attract the hearts of those who have been attracted to Islaam, to free the captives, to free those in debts and for Allaah’s cause and for the wayfarer. A duty imposed upon us by Allaah and Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Excerpt from Means of Sustenance: Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab al-Wassaabee