Alhamdulillah wassalatu wassallam ‘ala rasulillah. Inshaa Allah, we shall be reading the book of Al-Kaba’ir (The Major sins) by Imam Ah-Dhahabi.
“Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.” (Al-An’am:151)
What are the major sins? The major sins are those acts which have been forbidden by Allah in the Quran and by His Messenger in the sunnah, and which have been made clear by the actions the Companions of the Prophet.
There is some difference of opinion among scholars in this regard. Some say these major sins are seven because of the hadith reported by both Imam Bukhari and Muslim but ‘Abdullah ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu ‘anihu) said: “Seventy is closer to their number than seven”, and indeed that is correct. The above tradition does not limit the major sins to those mentioned in it. Rather, it points to the type of sins which fall into the category of “major”. These include those crimes which call for a prescribed punishment (hadd); those prohibited acts for which a warning of a severe punishment in the Hereafter is given in the Qur‘an or the Sunnah; and also those deeds which are cursed by our Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa ahlihi wassallam).
These are all Major Sins.
#1. Shirk (Associating partners with Allah)
This is the greatest of all major sins. This includes worshipping, invoking, obeying other beings besides Allah or loving and having intention for acts of worship not for the sake of Allah or inwardly dissatisfied with what Allah has ordained for one. There are many proofs regarding shirk. Some of these are:
“Surely, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.” (Qur’an 4:48)
They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Rabb and your Rabb.” And verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise on him and the Fire will be his abode. And for thalimeen (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no helpers.” (Qur’an 5:72)
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wassallam) said, “Should I inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of Dajjal? It is the hidden shirk (show off): A person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he sees the people looking at him.” (ibn Majah).
… Abide by the truth even if your mind deserts you.